Poliovirus Vaccine, Live (POE-lee-oh VYE-rus vak-SEEN, lyve)
Prevents infections caused by poliomyelitis (polio) in children and adults.
There may be other brand names for this medicine.
When This Medicine Should Not Be Used
Oral poliovirus vaccine should not be given to adults or children who have had an allergic reaction to any type of polio vaccine, neomycin, or streptomycin, which are antibiotics in the vaccine. This vaccine should not be given to anyone who has a fever, severe illness, severe weakness, virus infection, diarrhea, vomiting, or persons with an immune deficiency disorder.
How to Use This Medicine
- The vaccine will be given by your doctor or nurse.
- Your baby should take 3 doses between 6 weeks and 18 months of age, with a fourth dose when he/she enters kindergarten. The first dose should be given to babies 6 to 12-weeks-old. The second dose should be given 6 to 8 weeks later, and the third dose given at age 15 to 18 months, unless ordered differently by your doctor.
- Older children and teenagers who have not taken the vaccine should take two doses 6 to 8 weeks apart and the third dose 6 to 12 months after the second dose.
- Adults who have not received the vaccine may need to receive the same dosing schedule as older children and teenagers.
- An extra dose (booster dose) is sometimes needed for travelers, certain caregivers (such as doctors or nurses), and close (household) contacts of children who are to be given oral poliovirus vaccine.
If a dose is missed:
- Try not to miss a dose.
- If you or your child misses a dose, make another appointment with your doctor as soon as possible.
Drugs and Foods to Avoid
Ask your doctor or pharmacist before using any other medicine, including over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products.
- Oral poliovirus vaccine should not be given to patients who are receiving cancer medicines, radiation, or high doses of cortisone medicine (such as prednisone).
- Certain other vaccines should not be given around the same time as oral poliovirus vaccine - check with your doctor.
Warnings While Using This Medicine
- If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, tell your doctor before taking this medicine
- Wash your hands after going to the bathroom and before touching or putting anything in your mouth.
- Wash your hands after changing your child's diaper or taking your child's temperature.
- Tell your doctor if you or anyone in your household have any diseases.
Possible Side Effects While Using This Medicine
Call your doctor right away if you notice any of these side effects:
- Intense itching, hives
- Rapid swelling of eyes or face
- Trouble breathing or swallowing
- Severe muscle weakness