HEALTH GUIDE REFERENCE FROM A.D.A.M
Mycophenolate Sodium (mye-koe-FEN-oh-late SOE-dee-um)
Used with other medicines to keep your body from rejecting a kidney transplant. This medicine suppresses your immune system.
There may be other brand names for this medicine.
When This Medicine Should Not Be Used
You should not use this medicine if you have had an allergic reaction to mycophenolate or mycophenolic acid, or if you are pregnant.
How to Use This Medicine
- Your doctor will tell you how much of this medicine to use and how often. Do not use more medicine or use it more often than your doctor tells you to.
- Use only the brand of this medicine that your doctor prescribed. Different brands may not work the same way.
- Take this medicine on an empty stomach, at least 1 hour before or 2 hours after you eat.
- Swallow the tablet whole. Do not break, open, crush, or chew it.
If a dose is missed:
- If you miss a dose or forget to use your medicine, use it as soon as you can. If it is almost time for your next dose, wait until then to use the medicine and skip the missed dose. Do not use extra medicine to make up for a missed dose.
How to Store and Dispose of This Medicine
- Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light.
- Ask your pharmacist, doctor, or health caregiver about the best way to dispose of any leftover medicine after you have finished your treatment. You will also need to throw away old medicine after the expiration date has passed.
- Keep all medicine away from children and never share your medicine with anyone.
Drugs and Foods to Avoid
Ask your doctor or pharmacist before using any other medicine, including over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products.
- Make sure your doctor knows if you are using azathioprine (Imuran®), birth control pills, or an antiviral medicine (such as acyclovir, ganciclovir, Cytovene®, Zovirax®). Tell your doctor if you are using a medicine to treat high cholesterol (such as cholestyramine, Colestid®, Questran®, Prevalite®, Welchol®). Your doctor will need to know if you are using a medicine to treat an infection or antibiotic (such as amoxicillin, erythromycin, Cipro®, Biaxin®, Keflex®).
- If you are also using antacids that contain aluminum or magnesium (such as Maalox®), do not use them at the same time as mycophenolate. If you have questions, talk with your doctor about the best times to use your medicines.
- Talk to your doctor before getting flu shots or other vaccines while you are receiving this medicine. Vaccines may not work as well, or they could make you ill while you are using this medicine.
Warnings While Using This Medicine
- Using this medicine while you are pregnant can harm your unborn baby. Your doctor may give you a pregnancy test before you start using the medicine to make sure you are not pregnant. Birth control pills may not work while you are using this medicine. To keep from getting pregnant, use two other forms of birth control such as condoms, a diaphragm, or contraceptive foam or jelly. Use the two forms of birth control while you are using this medicine and for 6 weeks after your treatment ends. Tell your doctor right away if you think you have become pregnant while using the medicine.
- Make sure your doctor knows if you are breastfeeding. Tell your doctor if you have high blood pressure, diabetes, or a stomach disorder such as ulcers or colitis. Also tell your doctor if you have a condition called Lesch-Nyhan or Kelley-Seegmiller syndrome.
- Your doctor will need to check your blood at regular visits while you are using this medicine. Be sure to keep all appointments.
- You may be more likely to get infections while using this medicine. Tell your doctor if you have symptoms of an infection, such as fever or chills. Try to stay away from people with colds, flu, or other infections.
- This medicine may increase your risk of developing a serious brain infection called progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML). Call your doctor right away if you are having more than one of these symptoms: vision changes, loss of coordination, clumsiness, memory loss, difficulty speaking or understanding what others say, and weakness in the legs.
- Using this medicine may cause you to have a higher risk of getting cancer or tumors (especially on the skin). Talk to your doctor if you have concerns about this risk.
- Use a strong sunscreen (SPF-30 or higher) on your skin when you are outdoors. You may also wear a hat and cover your skin with clothing. Avoid sunlamps and tanning beds.
Possible Side Effects While Using This Medicine
Call your doctor right away if you notice any of these side effects:
- Allergic reaction: Itching or hives, swelling in your face or hands, swelling or tingling in your mouth or throat, chest tightness, trouble breathing.
- Bloody, black, or tarry stools.
- Blurred vision or other vision changes.
- Difficulty speaking or understanding what others say, or memory loss.
- Fever, chills, cough, sore throat, and body aches.
- Loss of coordination, clumsiness, or weakness in legs.
- Pain or problems with urination.
- Severe stomach pain, bloody vomit or vomit that looks like coffee grounds.
- Sores or white patches on your lips, mouth, or throat.
- Swelling in your hands, ankles, or feet.
- Trouble breathing, chest pain, or fast heartbeat.
- Unusual bleeding, bruising, or weakness.
If you notice these less serious side effects, talk with your doctor:
- Diarrhea or constipation.
- Joint or muscle pain.
- Nausea, vomiting, or indigestion.
- Runny or stuffy nose.
- Trouble sleeping.
Source Doc: 45_4945