HEALTH GUIDE REFERENCE FROM A.D.A.M
Used together with oral medicine to control blood sugar levels in people with type 2 diabetes.
There may be other brand names for this medicine.
When This Medicine Should Not Be Used
You should not use this medicine if you have had an allergic reaction to exenatide.
How to Use This Medicine
- Your doctor will prescribe your exact dose and tell you how often it should be given. This medicine is given as a shot under your skin.
- This medicine comes in a prefilled "pen" that you will use to inject it. Each pen contains enough medicine for 60 doses.
- Use this medicine twice daily, unless your doctor tells you otherwise. You will need a shot within 1 hour (60 minutes) before your morning meal and 1 hour before your evening meal. Never use this medicine after a meal.
- This medicine comes with patient instructions. Read and follow these instructions carefully. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions.
If a dose is missed:
- You may use the medicine at any time within the 1-hour period before your morning or evening meal. If you forget to use the medicine before the meal, do not use it after you eat. Wait until the 1-hour period before your next morning or evening meal and use the medicine at that time. Do not use extra medicine to make up for a missed dose.
How to Store and Dispose of This Medicine
- Store your new, unused medicine pen in the refrigerator. Protect it from light and keep it in the original carton. Do not freeze this medicine, and do not use the medicine if it has been frozen.
- After using the medicine pen for the first time, you may store it in a closed container at room temperature. Keep it away from heat and protect it from light.
- Remove the needle from the pen before you store the medicine. If the needle is left on the pen, medicine may leak from the pen or air bubbles may form in the cartridge.
- Throw the pen away after using it for 30 days, even if there is some medicine left in it.
- Throw away used needles in a hard, closed container that the needles cannot poke through. Keep this container away from children and pets.
- Keep all medicine away from children and never share your medicine with anyone.
Drugs and Foods to Avoid
Ask your doctor or pharmacist before using any other medicine, including over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products.
- Tell your doctor if you are also using birth control pills or an antibiotic. These medicines should be taken at least 1 hour before you use exenatide.
Warnings While Using This Medicine
- Make sure your doctor knows if you are pregnant or breastfeeding, or if you have kidney disease or stomach problems.
- This medicine does not work like insulin and should not be used to treat type 1 diabetes or diabetic ketoacidosis.
- If your blood sugar gets too low, you may feel weak, drowsy, confused, anxious, or very hungry. You may also sweat, shake, or have blurred vision, a fast heartbeat, or a headache that will not go away. If you have symptoms of low blood sugar (hypoglycemia), check your blood sugar. If your blood sugar is 70 mg/dL (milligrams per deciliter) or below, do one of the following: Drink 4 ounces (one-half cup) of fruit juice, or eat 5 to 6 pieces of hard candy, or take 2 to 3 glucose tablets. Re-check your blood sugar 15 minutes later. If your blood sugar is above 70 mg/dL, eat a snack or a meal. If your blood sugar is still below 70 mg/dL, drink one-half cup juice, or eat 5 to 6 pieces of candy, or take 2 to 3 glucose tablets. Carry candy or some type of sugar with you at all times, especially if you are away from home. You can take this if you feel that your blood sugar is too low, even if you do not have a blood glucose meter. Always carefully follow your doctor's instructions about how to treat your low blood sugar. Learn what to do if your blood sugar gets too low. Teach friends, co-workers, and family members what they can do to help if you have low blood sugar.
- This medicine may cause acute pancreatitis (swelling of the pancreas). Check with your doctor right away if you have severe stomach pain, nausea, or vomiting while you are using exenatide.
Possible Side Effects While Using This Medicine
Call your doctor right away if you notice any of these side effects:
- Allergic reaction: Itching or hives, swelling in your face or hands, swelling or tingling in your mouth or throat, chest tightness, trouble breathing.
- Burping or belching that causes burning in your throat.
- Extreme weakness, confusion, or hunger.
- Severe stomach pain, nausea, or vomiting.
If you notice these less serious side effects, talk with your doctor:
- Dizziness or headache.
- Feeling restless or "jittery."
- Mild nausea or vomiting, diarrhea, or stomach upset.
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