Efavirenz (ef-a-VYE-renz), Emtricitabine (em-trye-SYE-ta-been), Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate (te-NOE-fo-veer dye-soe-PROX-il FOO-ma-rate)
Used alone or with other medicines to treat human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. HIV causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). This medicine does not cure HIV or AIDS, but it may slow the worsening of the disease.
There may be other brand names for this medicine.
When This Medicine Should Not Be Used
You should not use this medicine if you have had an allergic reaction to efavirenz, emtricitabine, tenofovir, Emtriva®, Sustiva®, Truvada®, or Viread®. You should not use this medicine if you are pregnant or if you are also using any medicine that contains lamivudine, such as Combivir®, Epivir®, Epivir-HBV®, Epzicom?, or Trizivir®. You should not use this medicine if you are using astemizole (Hismanal®), bepridil (Vascor®), cisapride (Propulsid®), midazolam (Versed®), pimozide (Orap®), triazolam (Halcion®), voriconazole (Vfend®), or ergot medicines (such as Cafergot®, Ergomar®).
How to Use This Medicine
- Your doctor will tell you how much of this medicine to use and how often. Do not use more medicine or use it more often than your doctor tells you to.
- It is best to take this medicine on an empty stomach.
- Take this medicine at the same time each day, preferably at bedtime.
- Do not change or stop using this medicine without checking with your doctor first. When your supply of this medicine is running low, contact your doctor or pharmacist ahead of time. Do not allow yourself to run out of this medicine.
If a dose is missed:
- If you miss a dose or forget to use your medicine, use it as soon as you can. If it is almost time for your next dose, wait until then to use the medicine and skip the missed dose. Do not use extra medicine to make up for a missed dose.
How to Store and Dispose of This Medicine
- Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light.
- Ask your pharmacist, doctor, or health caregiver about the best way to dispose of any leftover medicine after you have finished your treatment. You will also need to throw away old medicine after the expiration date has passed.
- Keep all medicine away from children and never share your medicine with anyone.
Drugs and Foods to Avoid
Ask your doctor or pharmacist before using any other medicine, including over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products.
- There are many other medicines that you should not use together with efavirenz, emtricitabine, or tenofovir. Make sure your doctor knows about all other medicines you are using.
- Make sure your doctor knows if you are using other medicines to treat HIV/AIDS (such as acyclovir, adefovir, amprenavir, atazanavir, cidofovir, didanosine, fosamprenavir, ganciclovir, indinavir, lopinavir, ritonavir, nelfinavir, saquinavir, valacyclovir, valganciclovir, Agenerase®, Crixivan®, Cytovene®, Fortovase®, Hepsera®, Invirase®, Kaletra®, Reyataz®, Valcyte?, Valtrex®, Videx®, Videx® EC, Viracept®, Vistide®, Zovirax®). Tell your doctor if you are using clarithromycin (Biaxin®), methadone (Dolophine®), rifabutin (Mycobutin®), rifampin (Rifadin®), sertraline (Zoloft®), St. John's wort, birth control pills, or a blood thinner such as warfarin (Coumadin®).
- Tell your doctor if you are also using medicine to treat seizures (such as carbamazepine, phenobarbital, phenytoin, Dilantin®, Tegretol®), medicine to lower cholesterol (such as atorvastatin, pravastatin, simvastatin, Lipitor®, Pravachol®, Zocor®), or medicine to treat a fungal infection (such as itraconazole, ketoconazole, Sporanox®, Nizoral®). Make sure your doctor knows if you are also using certain blood pressure medicines (such as diltiazem, felodipine, nicardipine, nifedipine, verapamil, Adalat®, Calan®, Cardene®, Cardizem®, Covera HS®, Isoptin®, Plendil®, Procardia®, Tiazac®, Verelan®) or an estrogen hormone replacement (such as ethinyl estradiol, Estinyl®).
- Do not drink alcohol while you are using this medicine.
Warnings While Using This Medicine
- Using this medicine while you are pregnant can harm your unborn baby. Use an effective form of birth control to keep from getting pregnant. If you think you have become pregnant while using the medicine, tell your doctor right away.
- You should not breast feed if you have HIV or AIDS, because you may give the infection to your baby through your breast milk.
- Make sure your doctor knows if you have liver disease (especially hepatitis B infection), kidney disease, bone problems, or any history of seizures, mental illness, emotional problems, or drug abuse. Tell your doctor if you are currently using alcohol or any illegal ("street") drugs.
- A rare but serious reaction to this medicine is lactic acidosis (build-up of acid in the blood) and an enlarged liver. Call your doctor right away if you feel very tired, weak, or nauseated, if you vomit or have trouble breathing, or if your skin or eyes have turned yellow.
- Some people who have used this medicine developed serious skin problems. Tell your doctor if you notice any skin rash while you are using this medicine.
- Birth control pills may not work while you are using this medicine. To keep from getting pregnant, use a second form of birth control with your birth control pills. Other forms include condoms, a diaphragm, or contraceptive foam or jelly.
- When you start taking HIV medicines, your immune system may get stronger. If you have infections that are hidden in your body, such as pneumonia or tuberculosis, you may notice new symptoms when your body tries to fight them. If this occurs, be sure to tell your doctor.
- This medicine will not keep you from giving HIV to your partner during sex. Make sure you understand and practice safe sex, even if your partner also has HIV. Do not share needles with anyone.
- Your doctor will need to check your blood at regular visits while you are using this medicine. Be sure to keep all appointments.
- Your doctor will need to check your progress at regular visits while you are using this medicine. Be sure to keep all appointments.
- This medicine may make you dizzy or drowsy. Avoid driving, using machines, or doing anything else that could be dangerous if you are not alert.
Possible Side Effects While Using This Medicine
Call your doctor right away if you notice any of these side effects:
- Allergic reaction: Itching or hives, swelling in your face or hands, swelling or tingling in your mouth or throat, chest tightness, trouble breathing.
- Blistering, peeling, or red skin rash.
- Change in how much or how often you urinate.
- Dark-colored urine or pale stools.
- Fast or pounding heartbeat.
- Fever, chills, cough, runny or stuffy nose, sore throat, and body aches.
- Lightheadedness, dizziness, or drowsiness.
- Numbness, tingling, or burning pain in your hands, arms, legs, or feet.
- Seizures or tremors.
- Severe depression, confusion, anger, or thoughts of hurting yourself or others.
- Sudden and severe stomach pain, nausea, or vomiting.
- Trouble breathing.
- Unusual tiredness or weakness.
- Yellowing of your skin or the whites of your eyes.
If you notice these less serious side effects, talk with your doctor:
- Bone, joint, or muscle pain.
- Diarrhea, constipation, or upset stomach.
- Gaining weight around your neck, upper back, breast, face, or waist.
- Loss of appetite.
- Mild skin rash or itching, or change in skin color.
- Mood changes, anxiety, nervousness, or memory problems.
- Trouble sleeping or unusual dreams.